Introducing Health Promotion
Vijiji International is introducing a progremme of Health promotion in rural areas of Tanzania specifically in the remote areas of Manyara, Arusha and Mbeya. The programme is designed as a charity programmes that enabling people living in rural areas of Tanzania to increase control over, and to improve, their health stability. The Programmes moves beyond a focus on individual behaviour towards a wide range of social and environmental interventions.
The Construct of Vijiji International in Health Promotion
Vijiji International believes that the principal focus of much of the discussion about evidence-based practice has been on the appropriate measurement of effectiveness. The role of theory has received comparatively little attention. It is also noteworthy that guidelines on undertaking systematic reviews tend to side-step the issue. For many, theory is equated with a reductionist position, and therefore judged to be incompatible with both holism and empowerment—the central tenets of health promotion. However, the accumulation of empirical evidence about effectiveness is of limited value to the practitioner unless accompanied by general principles which might inform wider application. Without reference to these theoretical principles we risk being submerged by a post-modern morass of empirical evidence, which, on its own, can do little to guide practice. Vijiji International quotes that Buchanan (Buchanan, 1994) attributes scepticism about the value of theory and the so-called theory practice gap to a restricted view of theory shaped by the natural sciences and positivism.